Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Miscible Viscous Fingering: Application in Chromatographic Columns and Aquifers

S. Pramanik[1], G. L. Kulukuru[1], M. Mishra[1]
[1]Indian Institute of Technology Ropar, Rupnagar, Punjab, India

When a less viscous fluid displaces a more viscous one in a porous medium or Hele-Shaw cell, the interface between the two miscible fluids does not remain flat and deforms into fingers growing in time [1]. It occurs due to the faster movement of less viscous fluid than the more viscous one, for a given pressure gradient. Fingering affects in aquifers, in packed bed reactors, and detrimental to ...

Heat and Mass Transfer Investigation in Fabrics

S. Quiniou[1], F. Lesage [1], V. Ventenat[2], and M.A. Latifi[1]
[1] Laboratoire des Sciences du Génie Chimique, Nancy
[2] Centre de recherche Décathlon, Villeneuve d’Ascq

In this paper, an investigation of heat and mass transfer in fabrics used in the manufacture of comfortable sportswear is presented. It is based on a model which is described by partial differential equations representing the mass balance of free and adsorbed water and vapour and the heat balance in the fabric. The model involves several unknown physical and transfer parameters. Two ...

The Effect of Air Movement on the Heat and Moisture Characteristics of Building Constructions

A. W. M. van Schijndel
Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, Eindhoven, Netherlands

The paper presents the modeling and simulation of 2D heat and moisture transport with and without air movement for a building construction. The research focuses on the effect of air movement through building constructions. Although the typical air movement inside building constructions is quite small (velocity is of order ~10-5 m/s), this research shows it might have much more impact on the ...

Non-Isothermal Kinetics of Water Adsorption in Compact Adsorbent Layers on a Metal Support

G. Füldner, and L. Schnabel
Fraunhofer Institute of Solar Energy Systems, Freiburg, Germany

Water adsorption in highly porous materials can be used in heat transformation processes for the efficient use of energy in heat and cold production. One technology for such a thermal heat transformation is the use of water adsorption in highly porous adsorbents like zeolite. To optimize the power density of compact thin layer adsorbent beds, a one-dimensional model of the coupled heat and mass ...

Modelling the Response of Microdialysis Probes in Glucose Concentration Measurement

J.M. Gozálvez-Zafrilla[1], A. Santafé-Moros[1], J.L. Díez-Ruano[2], J. Bondia[2]
[1]Institute for Industrial, Radiophysical and Environmental Safety (ISIRYM) - Universitat Politècnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain
[2]Instituto Universitario de Automática e Informática Industrial (AI2) - Universitat Politècnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain

Microdialysis is a technique of continuous glucose monitoring in diabetic patients. In microdialysis, a saline serum is perfused into a microdialysis probe. Glucose pass from the plasmatic fluid through the porous membrane. The glucose concentration in the dialysate obtained is measured by an external analytical device. This preliminary work aimed to obtain a model to relate glucose ...

Influence of the Atmospheric Disturbance on the Respiration of a Forest Soil

C. Wylock[1], S. Goffin[2], M. Aubinet[2], B. Longdoz[3], B. Haut[1]
[1]Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Transfers, Interfaces and Processes (TIPs), Brussels, Belgium
[2]University of Liège-Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, Unit of Biosystem Physics, Gembloux, Belgium
[3]INRA, Centre INRA de Nancy, UMR1137 Ecologie et Ecophysiologie Forestières, Champenoux, France

The assessment of forest soil respiration and its isotopic composition is one of the important issues for the carbon cycling modeling (greenhouse gas emission control) because it is often inaccurate. Soil respiration is a complex process, depending on the coupling of several phenomena, which is therefore highly sensitive to any disturbance. In this work, the dynamics of the transport of two ...

Simulation of the Coalescence and Subsequent Mixing of Inkjet Printed Droplets

M.H.A. van Dongen[1], H.J. van Halewijn[2]
[1]Fontys University of Applied Sciences, Expertise Centre Thin Films & Functional Materials, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
[2]Fontys University of Applied Sciences, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

Coalescence of droplets is a widely investigated phenomenon. In inkjet printing micrometer sized droplets are deposited on a substrate which when positioned close enough to each other will coalesce and mix. Little is known about the flows and mixing behaviour within these small droplets. In this investigation we follow the time evolved coalescence of two droplets with volume ratios ranging from ...

Numerical modeling of coupled heat and mass transport during frying and cooling of wood in contact with oil

Grenier, D.1, 2, Bohuon, P.1, 3, Baillière, H.1, Ben Lalli, A., Méot, J.M.1
1 CIRAD, Montpellier cedex, France
2 CTBA, Bordeaux cedex, France
3 ENSIA, 1101, Montpellier cedex, France

This paper proposes a model of coupled heat and mass (water, oil) transport in a porous medium (timber) soaked first in a hot oil bath, then in a cold oil bath. The timber is soaked at hot temperature to dry it (water vaporization, resulting in increased pressure and therefore vapor transport) and at cold temperature to treat it (vapor condensation, resulting in decreased pressure and oil ...

Numerical Simulations of Methane Aromatization with and without a Ceramic Hydrogen Separation Membrane

Z. Li[1], C. Kjølseth[2], S. Hernandez Morejudo[3], R. Haugsrud[1]
[1]University of Oslo, Department of Chemistry, FERMiO, Oslo, Norway
[2]Protia, Oslo, Norway
[3]University of Oslo, Department of Chemistry, InGAP, Oslo, Norway

Oxygen-free methane aromatization has been attracting growing attention due to a potential means for producing high valuable products such as aromatics and hydrogen. Many studies have been focused on catalysts screening and characterization, and elementary thermodynamic steps of the reaction. However, little attention has been paid to fluid dynamics which are important for an industrial ...

Time Dependent Simulations of Thermoelectric Thin Films and Nanowires for Direct Determination of their Efficiency with COMSOL Multiphysics®

M. Muñoz Rojo[1], J. Jose Romero[1], D. Ramos[1], D. Borca-Tasciuc[2], T. Borca-Tasciuc[2], M. Martín Gonzalez[1]
[1]Instituto de Microelectrónica de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
[2]Rensselaer Polytechnique Institute, Troy, New York, USA

Thermoelectric materials are one of the most promising materials for future and nowadays energy harvesting devices, as they can convert heat into electricity and vice-versa. The efficiency of thermoelectric materials is related with the figure of merit, ZT. Our work deals with the determination of the parameters that affect the measurement of the ZT with the Harman technique and the best ...

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