Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Multiphysics Modeling of a Metal Foam

B. Chinè [1][3], M. Monno[2]
[1]Laboratorio MUSP, Macchine Utensili e Sistemi di Produzione, Piacenza, Italy
[2]Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Meccanica, Milano, Italy
[3]Instituto Tecnologico de Costa Rica, Cartago, Costa Rica

Introduction: In metal foams production, nucleated gas bubbles expand in a heated metal in a mold, then the foam cool and solidify. Thereby energy, mass and momentum transfer mechanisms are present simultaneously in the system and must be taken into account. Metal foam (Figure 1) can be obtained by foaming a precursor, i.e. a mixing of aluminum (Al) powders with the blowing agent TiH2, placing it ...

Thermal Analysis of Packaged Deep Ultraviolet LEDs

A. Dobrinsky[1], M. Shatalov[1], M. Shur[1], R. Gaska[1]
[1]Sensor Electronic Technology, Columbia, SC, USA

Deep Ultraviolet Light Emitting Diodes (DUV LEDs) are presently operating at a relatively low efficiency, thus large amount of LED driving power is dissipating in heat. Thermal heating degrades LED performance and decreases LED’s lifetime. The degradation of DUV LED devices with temperature increase makes thermal management a key issue for DUV LEDs. We present a thermal analysis of DUV LED ...

Modeling of Atmosphere Revitalization

R. Coker[1], J. Knox[1], K. Kittredge[1]
[1]NASA - Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA

All spacecraft systems must be minimized with respect to mass, power, and volume. Here, we focus on current efforts to improve system efficiency and reliability for water separation systems to be used on crewed vehicles. These development efforts combine sub-scale systems testing and multi-physics simulations to evaluate candidate approaches. The best performing options will then be ...

Parametric Study of Electrolyte-Supported Planar Button Solid Oxide Fuel Cell

A. Aman[1], R. Gentile[1], Y. Xu[1], N. Orlovskaya[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical, Materials and Aerospace Engineering, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, USA

Fuel cells are devices that convert chemical energy of a fuel into electrical energy through electrochemical processes. One of the types of fuel cell is the Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) that uses solid ceramics for electrolytes. Numerical simulation involves constructing a mathematical model of the SOFC and use of specifically designed software programs that allows the user to manipulate the ...

Simulation Study in Design of Miniaturized MID-Infrared Sensors

B. Mizaikoff, X. Wang, and S.-S. Kim
Institut für Analytische und Bioanalytische Chemie
Universität Ulm
Ulm, Deutschland

Evanescent-wave optical waveguide is widely used as sensing platform for chemical/biological sensor applications. Our research group contributed to on-chip IR sensor technology and made recent progress in miniaturizing such devices utilizing quantum cascade lasers (QCL) in combination with planar GaAs/Al0.2Ga0.8As waveguides. Furthermore progress is reported toward microfabricated Mid-infrared ...

Zweistufiges Modell zur Untersuchung von Marangoni-Konvektion in Schwingenden Flüssigkeitsstrahlen

Modigell, M.
RWTH Aachen, Institut für Verfahrenstechnik, Lehr- und Forschungsgebiet Mechanische Verfahrenstechnik

Der Marangoni-Effekt (Marangoni 1871) oder Grenzflächenkonvektion kann in fluiden mehrphasigen Systemen auftreten, in denen eine Abhängigkeit der Grenzflächenspannung von der Temperatur oder der Konzentration einer gelösten Substanz besteht. Temperaturoder Konzentrationsgradienten in der Grenzfläche führen zur Ausbildung von Spannungsgradienten. Diese beeinflussen die ...

A Multiscale Numerical Model of a Deformable Isothermal Nonwetting Liquid Drop

Smith, M.K., Neitzel, G.P.
The George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institue of Technology, Atlanta, GA

A state of permanent, isothermal nonwetting of a solid surface by a normally wetting liquid may be achieved by having the surface move tangentially to a liquid drop that is pressed against it. Surrounding gas is swept into the space between the liquid and solid creating a lubricating film that prevents wetting. The length scales of the drop and the film are typically three or more orders of ...

Electromagnetic simulations of Goubau transmission lines with FEMLAB

Akalin, T.
IEMN, Institut d’Electronique, de Microélectronique et de Nanotechnologie, UMR CNRS 8520, USTL Université des Sciences et Technologies de Lille, Villeneuve d’Ascq, France

The BioMEMS (Bio-Electro-Mechanical Systems) have become of considerable interest because they constitute a converging solution for many pluridisciplinary studies. The different covered fields are the biology (single cell, proteins, enzymes, neurons…), the chemistry (polymers), microelectronics and the microtechnologies associated with. Devices whose aim is the study of biological entities are ...

Application of FEMLAB on supercritical hydrogen components of the high flux isotope reactor cold source

Freels, J.D.
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN

FEMLAB has played a key role in the design and safety analysis of several key components of the new High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) hydrogen (H2) cold neutron source (CS) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The main components of interest for the detailed analysis capability of FEMLAB are those where the H2 temperature spans a large range causing the fluid properties to change dramatically ...

Einsatz von FEMLAB bei der Optimierung der Geometrie eines Hochspannungsimpulstransformators

Cernat, R.1, Brinkmann, C.1, Weißgerber, T.2
1 Universität Dortmund, Lehrstuhl für Hochspannungstechnik und EMV
2 era GmbH, Dortmund

Hochspannungsimpulstransformatoren werden bei Ottomotoren zur Entzündung des Kraftstoff- Luft-Gemischs eingesetzt. Aktuelle Fahrzeuge sind mit zylinderselektiver Zündung ausgerüstet, so dass für jeden Zylinder ein Zündtransformator benötigt wird. Dieser ist direkt über der Zündkerze positioniert und stellt die benötigte Hochspannung sowie eine ausreichende Funkenenergie zur Verfügung, ...

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