R. Godard , J. de Boer, N. Ibrahim, and G. Molina-Cuberos
Royal Military College of Canada, Kingston, ON, Canada
University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
Campus Espinardo, Murcia, Spain
The Huygens Atmospheric Structure Instrument (HASI) was designed to characterize the physical properties of the lower atmosphere and surface of Titan, the planet-size moon of Saturn. The Relaxation Probe (RP) sensor on the Huygens probe, determined the electrical conductivity in the lower atmosphere of Titan, from 140 km to 40 km. It was suspected that at an altitude above 100km, the booms ...
Osram Sylvania, Beverly, MA, USA
Thomas Dreeben received his B.A. in Philosophy and Mathematics in 1985, and his Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering in 1997, both from Cornell University. He has worked in automotive fuel systems at Ford Motor Company, and in turbulence at Sandia National Laboratories. He currently works in lighting research at OSRAM SYLVANIA, where his modeling focuses on fluid mechanics and heat transfer as they ...
S. Gidon, M. Brun, and S. Nicoletti
CEA Minatec, Optronic Department, Grenoble, France
Monitoring of indoor CO2 concentration is of particular interest to detect room occupancy in order to optimise power consumptions of building. One technological approach is to use optical detection using specific absorption lines of CO2 molecules in the infrared domain close to 4.2 μm. Key features for a wider use in public and private buildings are power consumption and price. Such optical ...
CEA Valduc, France
During the welding of tantalum with a ND: YAG pulsed laser, a deep and narrow cavity, called the keyhole, is formed. At the end of the process, surface tension forces provoke the collapse of the keyhole. For important interface deformations, gas bubbles can be trapped into the melting pool. If the solidification time is insufficient, these bubbles give birth to residual porosities. The aim of the ...
A. Georgescu, and A. Damian
Technical University of Civil Engineering Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania
The objective of the paper is the assessment of the wind load applied to a real photovoltaic (PV) platform installed on a site situated in Brasov, which belongs to the Transilvania University. The platform has a double-tracking axis mechanism which allows the rotation of the platform disk depending on the sun position, in order to gather the maximum solar yield to produce electricity. The study ...
V. Nicolas[1,2], J.P. Ploteau, P. Salagnac, P. Glouannec, V. Jury, and L. Boillereaux
Laboratoire d’Ingénierie des MATériaux de Bretagne – Equipe Thermique et Energétique, Université Européenne de Bretagne, Lorient Cedex, France
Laboratoire d’Etudes des Phénomènes de Transfert et de l’Instantanéité : Agro-industrie et Bâtiment, Université de La Rochelle, La Rochelle Cedex, France
Laboratoire de Génie des Procédés, Environnement, Agroalimentaire, ENITIAA, France
In this paper, we present a first model carried out with COMSOL Multiphysics to model bread baking, considering heat and mass transfer coupled with the phenomenon of swelling. This model predicts the pressures, temperatures and water contents evolutions in the dough for different energy requests. First results obtained are analyzed according to various physical parameters in order to better ...
M. Richter, S. Moenickes, O. Richter, T. Schröder
BASF SE, Agricultural Center, Limburgerhof, Germany
Institute of Geoecology, TU Braunschweig, Braunschweig, Germany
In a soil pore, water flows through the biofilm, where the density of the latter was assumed to represent a flow resistance. This mechanism was implemented as a local change of fluid viscosity proportional to local biofilm density. It was assumed that diffusive substrate transport is possible through the biofilm region such that the biofilm was able to degrade the substance. Maximum flow ...
A. Talic, S. Cerimovic, M. Mutapcic, R. Beigelbeck, and F. Keplinger
Institute for Integrated Sensor Systems, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Wiener Neustadt, Austria
Institute of Sensor and Actuator Systems, Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria
We present COMSOL-based analyses and design optimizations of a micromachined wind sensor. The sensor relies on eight germanium thermistors embedded in a thin silicon nitride membrane, where two orthogonally arranged ensembles, each consisting of four thermistors, are connected to form a double Wheatstone-bridge. In operation, each bridge is supplied by a constant current and the self-heating of ...
J. van Schijndel
Eindhoven University of Technology,
Eindhoven, The Netherlands
Jos van Schijndel completed his MSc in 1998 at the Department of Applied Physics at the Eindhoven University of Technology (TUe). In 2007 he obtained a PhD degree at the TUe on integrated heat, air and moisture modeling. Currently, he is assistant professor focusing on Computational Building Physics. His passion is creative computational modeling using state of art scientific software and ...
J. van Schijndel, S. Uittenbosch, and T. Thomassen
Eindhoven University of Technology
The paper presents the development of a method that determines building material and surface properties using relative simple and low-budget experiments, The method comprehends an optimal design of an experimental set up for smart determination of heat and moisture properties using both normal and inverse modeling techniques. It is concluded that the suggested methodology of the inverse ...