Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Flow behaviour of phosphorus-deoxidised copper in plane-strain hot extrusion

Jin, L.Z.1, Ssemakula, H.2, Sandström, R.1
1 Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden
2 Department of Production Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden

Flow behaviour of phosphorus-deoxidised copper in plane-strain hot extrusion with an insertion in the die has been studied through a finite-element model consisting of fluid dynamics and heat transfer approaches. The billet material is considered as rigid-visco-plastic and rate-sensitive. A dynamic viscosity, which is strain-rate and temperature dependent, has been integrated into the model. ...

Hydrogen Vehicle Leak Modelling in Indoor Ventilated Environments

A. Hallgarth[1], A. Zayer[1], A. Gatward[2], and J. Davies[2]
[1]Hazard Research & Risk Consultants Ltd, Aberystwyth, Wales, United Kingdom
[2]Independent Consultants, United Kingdom

This paper presents and discusses HazRes’ research and results associated with the simulation and modelling of hydrogen release and dispersion events in indoor enclosed environments, using COMSOL Multiphysics. HazRes has developed a gas dispersion model in COMSOL, which takes into account the effects of buoyancy, localized ventilation effects and turbulence generated by obstacles on the ...

Quench Propagation in 1-D and 2-D Models of High Current Superconductors

G. Volpini[1]
[1]LASA Lab., Milan Dept., Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Milano, Italy

The understanding of quench, or the sudden transition to the normal state of a high-current Superconductor (SC), is fundamental for the design of a SC magnet, and it is widely discussed in the literature. This paper presents some simple COMSOL models, which are compared with well-known approximate formulae and some experimental results. These models allow a more precise description than it is ...

Multi-Objective Optimization of a Ball Grid Array Using modeFRONTIER® and COMSOL Multiphysics®

H. Strandberg[1], T. Makkonen[2], and J. Leinvuo[2]
[1]ESTECO Nordic AB, Lund, Sweden
[2]VTI Technologies Oy, Vantaa, Finland

Capacitive MEMS (Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems) accelerometers may be directly soldered to the printed circuit board by an array of solder balls. Differences in the thermal expansion coefficients of the pertinent materials cause deformations of the accelerometer under temperature change. This may cause a relative movement of the sensing masses with respect to the sensing electrodes, resulting ...

Providing an Entry Length in Heterogeneous Catalytic Reactors with Fast Diffusion

D. Dalle Nogare[1] and P. Canu[1]

[1]Department of Chemical Engineering Principles and Practice, University of Padova, Padova, Italy

This work investigates the effects of boundary conditions on the species profiles in heterogeneous catalysis, with low Péclet systems. Hydrogen combustion in Helium was chosen because of the high diffusivities. Furthermore, already at T=300°C over a Pt catalyst, kinetics is very fast and the composition gradients at the inlet extremely steep. The issue is analyzed with 1D models, ...

Stresses in Carotid Plaques Using MRI-based Fluid Structure Interaction Models

S.A. Kock [1], E. Fründ [1], W.Y. Kim [1], and J.V. Nygaard [2]
[1] Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark,
[2] Aarhus University, Denmark

Using magnetic resonance images, a model was created of an atherosclerotic plaque in a patient. A fluid-structure interaction analysis was then carried out in order to determine principal stresses in the protective fibrous cap. Results indicate stresses at high blood pressure in excess of 300 kPa, the established cap rupture strength. The technique could prove to be of great value to ...

Wireless Interaction of Neighboring Two Arm Archimedes Spiral Coils in the RF Electromagnet Range

A. Kalinowski[1]
[1]Naval Undersea Warfare Center/ Division Newport, Newport, RI, USA

The paper addresses a class of problems for modeling and consequently simulating the electromagnetic field radiation pattern from two arms Archimedes spiral coils. The frequency spatial wavelengths relative to the coil dimensions are in a range where the electromagnetic Maxwell’s equations are solved numerically via the RF Module of COMSOL ...

Finite Element Analysis of an Enzymatic Biofuel Cell: The Orientations of a chip inside a blood artery

C. Wang[1], Y. Parikh[1], Y. Song[1], and J. Yang[1]
[1]Mechanical & Materials Science Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, Florida, USA

Output performance of an implantable enzymatic biofuel cell (EBFC) with three- dimensional highly dense micro-electrode arrays has been simulated with a finite element analysis approach. The purpose of this research is to optimize the orientation of this EBFC chip inside a blood artery such that the mass transport of glucose around all the micro-electrodes can be improved and hence output ...

Large Scale 3D Flow Distribution Analysis in HTPEM Fuel Cells

C. Siegel[1][2], G. Bandlamudi[1][2], N. van der Schoot[1], and A. Heinzel[1][2]
[1]Zentrum für BrennstoffzellenTechnik GmbH, Duisburg, Germany
[2]Institut für Energie- und Umweltverfahrenstechnik, University of Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg, Germany

Accurate bipolar-plate and flow-field layout is one crucial task for optimizing fuel cells. These cell components perform several functions, including charge transport or gas and water transport throughout the cell just to name a few. Overall, the design depends on the fuel cell application or the geometrical size of the assembly. The requirements for a flow-field used in a high temperature ...

Simulation of Evaporating Droplets on AFM-Cantilevers II: Confocal Microscopy and Transversal Bending

T. Haschke[1], E. Bonaccurso[2], H.J. Butt[2], F. Schönfeld[3], and W. Wiechert[1]
[1] Universität Siegen, Lehrstuhl für Simulationstechnik, Siegen
[2] Max-Planck-Institut für Polymerforschung, Mainz
[3] Institut für Mikrotechnik Mainz GmbH, Mainz

The evaporation process of microscopic drops was investigated by depositing them onto atomic force microscope (AFM) cantilevers and measuring the deflection of the cantilever in response to the presence of the drop. We could thus improve a previously presented FE simulation model by comparing the simulations of the cantilever’s transversal deflection to 3-D images of the cantilever’s ...

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