A. Hallgarth, A. Zayer, A. Gatward, and J. Davies
Hazard Research & Risk Consultants Ltd, Aberystwyth, Wales, United Kingdom
Independent Consultants, United Kingdom
This paper presents and discusses HazRes’ research and results associated with the simulation and modelling of hydrogen release and dispersion events in indoor enclosed environments, using COMSOL Multiphysics. HazRes has developed a gas dispersion model in COMSOL, which takes into account the effects of buoyancy, localized ventilation effects and turbulence generated by obstacles on the ...
P.A. Koski and M.S. Mikkola
Department of Applied Physics, Helsinki University of Technology, Espoo, Finland
A 3D FEM (Finite Element Method) model for predicting the internal pressure distribution of a fuel cell stack is presented. The model includes contact pair boundary conditions between the most critical components, thermal expansion and Young's moduli as a function of temperature. The model is used to investigate the changes in pressure distribution inside a PEM fuel cell at realistic temperatures ...
LASA Lab., Milan Dept., Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Milano, Italy
The understanding of quench, or the sudden transition to the normal state of a high-current Superconductor (SC), is fundamental for the design of a SC magnet, and it is widely discussed in the literature. This paper presents some simple COMSOL models, which are compared with well-known approximate formulae and some experimental results. These models allow a more precise description than it is ...
D. Dalle Nogare and P. Canu
Department of Chemical Engineering Principles and Practice, University of Padova, Padova, Italy
This work investigates the effects of boundary conditions on the species profiles in heterogeneous catalysis, with low Péclet systems. Hydrogen combustion in Helium was chosen because of the high diffusivities. Furthermore, already at T=300°C over a Pt catalyst, kinetics is very fast and the composition gradients at the inlet extremely steep. The issue is analyzed with 1D models, ...
Technical college, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
A membrane distillation process equipped with mesh-type material spacers has been modeled as a two-dimensional conjugate problem in which a simultaneous numerical solution of the momentum and energy of the feed and cold solutions have been carried out. The results shows that the center suspended spacer produces the highest average shear stress, and gives the highest spacer efficiency at all ...
S.A. Kock , E. Fründ , W.Y. Kim , and J.V. Nygaard 
 Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark,
 Aarhus University, Denmark
Using magnetic resonance images, a model was created of an atherosclerotic plaque in a patient. A fluid-structure interaction analysis was then carried out in order to determine principal stresses in the protective fibrous cap. Results indicate stresses at high blood pressure in excess of 300 kPa, the established cap rupture strength. The technique could prove to be of great value to ...
Finite Element Analysis of an Enzymatic Biofuel Cell: The Orientations of a chip inside a blood artery
C. Wang, Y. Parikh, Y. Song, and J. Yang
Mechanical & Materials Science Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, Florida, USA
Output performance of an implantable enzymatic biofuel cell (EBFC) with three- dimensional highly dense micro-electrode arrays has been simulated with a finite element analysis approach. The purpose of this research is to optimize the orientation of this EBFC chip inside a blood artery such that the mass transport of glucose around all the micro-electrodes can be improved and hence output ...
C. Siegel, G. Bandlamudi, N. van der Schoot, and A. Heinzel
Zentrum für BrennstoffzellenTechnik GmbH, Duisburg, Germany
Institut für Energie- und Umweltverfahrenstechnik, University of Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg, Germany
Accurate bipolar-plate and flow-field layout is one crucial task for optimizing fuel cells. These cell components perform several functions, including charge transport or gas and water transport throughout the cell just to name a few. Overall, the design depends on the fuel cell application or the geometrical size of the assembly. The requirements for a flow-field used in a high temperature ...
Simulation of Evaporating Droplets on AFM-Cantilevers II: Confocal Microscopy and Transversal Bending
T. Haschke, E. Bonaccurso, H.J. Butt, F. Schönfeld, and W. Wiechert
 Universität Siegen, Lehrstuhl für Simulationstechnik, Siegen
 Max-Planck-Institut für Polymerforschung, Mainz
 Institut für Mikrotechnik Mainz GmbH, Mainz
The evaporation process of microscopic drops was investigated by depositing them onto atomic force microscope (AFM) cantilevers and measuring the deflection of the cantilever in response to the presence of the drop. We could thus improve a previously presented FE simulation model by comparing the simulations of the cantilever’s transversal deflection to 3-D images of the cantilever’s ...
R.E. Tosh, and H.H. Chen-Mayer
National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA
Primary reference standards for determining absorbed dose to water in radiotherapy beams used at cancer clinics and hospitals ultimately must make reference to the temperature change in water produced by ionizing radiation. The most direct experimental technique for this purpose is water calorimetry. Since the dose distributions delivered by such beams are nonuniform, temperature signals ...