Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Numerical Simulation Of Laminar Flow Above And Below Triangular Bedforms

C. Gualtieri
University of Napoli Federico II, Naples, Italy

This paper presents some results of numerical simulations carried out to investigate the basic hydrodynamic interactions between the laminar flow in the water column above triangular bedforms and the Darcian flow in the underlying permeable sediments. The flow was described by the Navier-Stokes equation in the free region and the Darcy equation in the porous region. Numerical simulations were ...

A Methodology For The Simulation Of MEMS Spiral Inductances Used As Magnetic Sensors

S. Druart, D. Flandre, and L.A. Francis
Université catholique de Louvain - ICTEAM, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium

In this paper, a methodology to simulate the electric behavior of spiral inductances is presented and discussed. All the methodology is built with the COMSOL software used with the Matlab scripting interface and then allows performing fully parameterized simulations. The program architecture is explained and is used to simulate two applications. The first calculates the voltage induced by an ...

Impulsive Thermomechanics of hypersonic surface phononic crystals

F. Banfi[1], D. Nardi[2], and M. Travagliati[3]
[1]Dipartimento Matematica e Fisica, Università Cattolica, Brescia, Italy
[2]JILA, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, Colorado, United States
[3]Center for Nanotechnology Innovation @NEST, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Pisa, Italy

Ultrafast optical generation of pseudosurface acoustic waves is investigated in hypersonic surface phononic crystals. The thermomechanics is modeled from first-principles to follow the initial impulsive heat-driven displacement in the time domain. Spectral decomposition of the displacement over the surface phononic crystal eigenmodes outlines asymmetric resonances featuring the coupling between ...

Numerical Experiments for Thermally-induced Bending of Nematic Elastomers with Hybrid Alignment

L. Teresi[1], and A. DeSimone[2]
[1]LaMS - Modeling & Simulation Lab, University Roma Tre, Roma, Italy
[2]SISSA - International School for Advanced Studies, Trieste, Italy

We deal with Liquid Crystal Elastomers (LCEs) having hybrid alignment (HNEs), that is, fabricated with a given non-homogeneous nematic orientation. For such a materials, permanent distortions induced by deswelling can be compensated by those resulting from cooling below the transition temperature, thus yielding the possibility of producing temperature-driven actuators. Here, we simulate the ...

Surface Aeration System Modeling using COMSOL

G. Selembo, P. Selembo, J. Stanton, and G. Paulsen
University of North Carolina
Charlotte, NC

Surface aeration systems are used in the wastewater treatment industry for the transfer of oxygen in the activated sludge process. These systems are capital intensive and also require a significant amount of energy to operate. Scale-up and design of these systems is largely empirical, and due to the size of these systems, modifications for experimental testing can be economically prohibitive. ...

Thermal and Fluid Dynamics Studies Applied to Steel Industry

G. Tracanelli[1], M. Culos[1]
[1]Studio di Ingegneria Industriale Tracanelli, San Vito al Tagliamento, Italy

The energy pay back is one of the most interesting field especially in the steel industry where this contribution is strictly connected to steams and emissions inside and outside the plant. Perhaps, this application is sometimes disturbed by a strong variation of emissions (\"off gas\"). One example is the arc furnace where the process is very discontinuous and there are many fluctuations in the ...

Upscaling of Heterogeneous Rock Properties via a Multiscale Image to Simulation Approach

S. Zhang[1], M. Pal[2], P. Barthelemy[1], M. Lei[1]
[1]Visualization Sciences Group, Burlington, MA, USA
[2]Shell International Exploration and Production, Rijswijk, The Netherlands

The mass and recoverability of oil and gas in unconventional reservoirs strongly depend on the understanding the petrophysical properties of the rocks at a large range of scales. Three-dimensional imaging is capable of unveiling the detailed microstructures within the rocks down to the nanometer scale. Using a multiscale imaging protocol, a Devonian shale rock sample with heterogeneities is ...

Accelerating R&D with COMSOL: A Personal Account

Erik Birgersson[1]

[1]Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore

This presentation gives an account of how COMSOL Multiphysics® software has helped to accelerate research and development. It has been used to simulate energy systems such as fuel cells, biomedical systems such as hydrogels and human skin, and monolithic catalytic converters. Each of these systems requires a mathematical model that can accurately represent the relevant physics, and which can be ...

Stresses in Carotid Plaques Using MRI-based Fluid Structure Interaction Models

S.A. Kock [1], E. Fründ [1], W.Y. Kim [1], and J.V. Nygaard [2]
[1] Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark,
[2] Aarhus University, Denmark

Using magnetic resonance images, a model was created of an atherosclerotic plaque in a patient. A fluid-structure interaction analysis was then carried out in order to determine principal stresses in the protective fibrous cap. Results indicate stresses at high blood pressure in excess of 300 kPa, the established cap rupture strength. The technique could prove to be of great value to ...

Transient Simulation of a Naturally Ventilated Façade in a Mediterranean Climate

C. Balocco[1]
[1]Dipartimento di Energetica “Sergio Stecco”, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze, Italy

Energy performances and building energy quality can be achieved by high performance envelopes. In this paper the thermal performance of a naturally ventilated façade, applied to a traditional wall, widely used in existing buildings, was investigated by a transient simulation. A three dimensional model of the façade was investigated in Florence and Treviso (Italy). The simulation ...

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