Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Channels and Melting in Deformable Porous Media

S. L. Butler

Department of Geological Sciences, University of Saskatchewan, SK, Canada

Partial melting occurs beneath mid-ocean ridges in Earth's mantle and the resulting liquid migrates to the surface to form a new oceanic crust. In this system, mass can be exchanged between the liquid and solid phases through melting and solidification and, at the high temperatures and pressures associated with the Earth's interior, the solid matrix deforms through the process of compaction, ...

Clean Energy Technologies: Growing Need for Multiphysics Modeling

Iouri Balachov
Senior Scientist,
SRI International, Menlo Park, CA, USA

Iouri Balachov is a Senior Scientist at SRI International (Menlo Park, CA) where he is leading development of Direct Carbon Fuel Cell technology for clean and efficient power generation from coal, biomass, and a wide variety of carbon containing fuels. Prior to SRI he was an engineer at Westinghouse nuclear (Pittsburgh, PA), researcher at Penn State University (State College, PA), and researcher ...

Numerical Analysis of the Impact of Geometric Shape Patterns on the Performance of Miniaturized Chromatography Systems

R. Winz[1], E. von Lieres[2], and W. Wiechert[1]
[1]Department of Simulation, University of Siegen, Siegen, Germany
[2]Institute of Biotechnology, Research Centre Jülich, Siegen, Germany

We have implemented a two dimensional chromatography model for the analysis and optimization of structured micro pillar arrays. Dynamic surface interaction of solved molecules is taken into account by the kinetic Langmuir model. Variations of the pillar array geometry lead to deviations in the outlet concentration profiles. These deviations cannot be described by the one dimensional models that ...

Multiphysics Modeling of Engineered Structured Sorbents for the Adsorption of Carbon Dioxide and Water Vapor from Manned Spacecraft Atmospheres

J. Knox
NASA, Huntsville, AL, USA

In NASA’s Vision for Space Exploration, humans will once again travel beyond the confines of earth’s gravity, this time to remain there for extended periods. Thus all spacecraft systems, including those for the separation of metabolic carbon dioxide and water from a crewed vehicle, must be minimized with respect to mass, power, and volume. This paper describes efforts to improve on ...

Analyzing the Performance of Lined and Unlined Simplified Cylindrical Cloaks

J. McGuirk and P. Collins
Air Force Institute of Technology, WPAFB, OH, USA

The performance of simplified cylindrical cloaks with various material parameters was investigated. The performance metric was the overall scattering width of the cloak with various objects in the hidden region. COMSOL was used to simulate three cloaks with different material parameters to determine the total field in the simulation domain. For all cloaks simulated in this effort, a PEC-lined ...

A Mean Field Approach to Many-particles Effects in Dielectrophoresis

O. Nicotra, and A. La Magna
CNR-IMM Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy

One of the major applications for dielectrophoresis is the selective trapping and fractionation in lab-on-a-chip devices. Nevertheless, many-particle effects due to high concentrations of biological material around electrodes can cause a rapid decrease of trapping efficiency in dielectrophoretic devices. In this contribution we present a new approach based on a drift-diffusion dynamics to study ...

A Model of a Horizontal Atmospheric Pressure Chemical Vapor Deposition Reactor

T. Adams

Naval Surface Warfare Center Crane Division, CRANE, IN, USA

A model of a horizontal atmospheric pressure chemical vapor deposition reactor was implemented to aid in the design of a laboratory based one. The model coupled momentum transport, energy transport, and mass transport phenomena to account for reacting fluid flow of a compressible gas in a heated chamber. The system modeled was silicon deposition from trichlorosilane in hydrogen carrier gas.

High Temperature Process Simulation

O. Geoffroy, and H. Rouch
INOPRO, Villard de Lans, France

The crystal growth industry uses high temperature processes. To improve production efficiency, a good knowledge of thermal effects is necessary. We show in this article a methodology to get reliable data by mixing simplified models, sensitivity studies and parameters adjustments. The precision is improved by comparison with experimental measurements.

Modeling of the Transport Phenomena in Lithium-Ion Battery Electrolytes

A. Nyman, M. Behm, and G. Lindbergh
Applied Electrochemistry, School of Chemical Science and Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology Stockholm, Sweden

Modeling of mass transport is an important step in evaluating lithium-ion battery electrolytes and understanding cell performance. For high-power applications, concentration gradients in the electrolyte lead to limiting currents, which limit the power-density of the battery. The model has been used for determining a complete set of transport and thermodynamic properties for LiPF6 dissolved in an ...

Dynamic Deformation of Soft Particle in Dual-trap Optical Tweezers

Y. Sheng[1], S. Rancourt-Grenier[1], P. Bareil[1], P. Duval[1], M. Wei[2], A. Chiou[2], and J. Bai
[1]University Laval, Quebec, QC, Canada
[2]National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan

A dual-trap optical tweezers is used for deforming the red blood cell (RBC) in suspension and studying its elasticity. The 3D deformation of the cells was computed with the elastic membrane theory. The calculated deformation can fit to experimental data resulting in cell’s elasticity coefficient. The static approach is valid only for small deformation (5-10%). For a large deformation such as ...

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