Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Perspectives of Thermo-electro-mechanical Micro Actuators for Micro Switch Applications: Design and Simulation

M. Matmat, M. Al Ahmad, and J. Y. Fourniols
Laboratoire d'Analyse et d'Architecture des Systèmes (LAAS-CNRS), Toulouse, France

In this work, thermo-mechanical simulations employing a 3D finite element analysis (FEA) of a current driven V-shaped actuator is presented. The structure's hot arms consist of polysilicon, which was used as the active material for deflection due to the Joule effect.COMSOL Multiphysics with stationary and parametric solvers was used to calculate the resulting deflection when current is applied. ...

Finite-element Modeling of Elastic Surface Modes and Scattering from Spherical Objects

O. Falou1, J. C. Kumaradas2, and M. C. Kolios1,2
1Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada
2Dept. of Physics, Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada

In this work, backscatter from an elastic sphere was used to validate the computational model against analytical solutions (Faran theory).Agreements between analytical and finite element solutions were found in the scattered far-field over a range of frequencies of interest (10 - 70 MHz). Oscillations of the elastic sphere at various resonance frequencies (peaks in the power spectrum) were also ...

Modeling Nanoscale Heat Flow

S. Palaich, and B. Daly
Physics and Astronomy Department, Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, NY, USA

When the dimensions of the material approach is a comparable size to the phonon mean free path, heat flow enters a new regime, the nanoscale. The Fourier and Cattaneo Equations describe bulk heat flow well, but radiative boundary terms must be considered when modeling nanoscale heat flow. We take these equations and input them into COMSOL with the hope of eventually linking nanoscale and bulk ...

Effect of Local Deformation on the Emission Energy of  Quantum Dots in a Flexible Tube

S. Kiravittaya[1], P. Cendula[2], A. Rastelli[2], and O. Schmidt[2]
[1]Max-Planck-Institut für Festkörperforschung, Stuttgart, Germany
[2]Institute for Integrative Nanosciences, Dresden, Germany

Strain induced by local deformation of a flexible micrometer-sized semiconductor tube is quantified by modeling a ball pressing on the tube wall. By changing the pressing condition, we are able to change the strain state of the tube wall incorporating self-assembled quantum dots (QDs) in the wall. The QD emission energy is calculated in COMSOL® by solving the Schrödinger wave equation ...

Magnetic Ratchet

A. Auge, F. Wittbracht, A. Weddemann, and A. Hütten
Department of Physics, University of Bielefeld, Germany

Transport phenomena in spatially periodic magnetic systems, in particular the directed transport of magnetic beads in a so called magnetic ratchet (Brownian motor) are considered. Simulations are carried out to test and optimize this system, where the Smoluchowski equation with flux terms for the magnetic and gravitational force is used. Furthermore, experiments are carried out to verify the ...

Steady-state simulation of mono-valent ion distributions within a nanofluidic channel

W. Booth[1], J. Schiffbauer[1], J. Fernandez[2], K. Kelley[3], A. Timperman[3], and B. Edwards[1]

[1]Physics Department, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA
[2]Chemical Engineering Department, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA
[3]Chemistry Department, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA

The steady-state non-equilibrium distributions of two species of mono-valent ions around a charged nanofluidic channel have been examined. Large reservoirs were placed on either side of the nanoscale channel to simulate bulk concentration of ions in a fluid. Results from COMSOL Multiphysics simulations show that the effect of the potential bias across the nanochannel yields a significant ...

A Mean Field Approach to Many-particles Effects in Dielectrophoresis

O. Nicotra, and A. La Magna
CNR-IMM Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy

One of the major applications for dielectrophoresis is the selective trapping and fractionation in lab-on-a-chip devices. Nevertheless, many-particle effects due to high concentrations of biological material around electrodes can cause a rapid decrease of trapping efficiency in dielectrophoretic devices. In this contribution we present a new approach based on a drift-diffusion dynamics to study ...

Study of Hydrogen Release from a Metal Hydride Bed

K. Song[1], and H. Knickle[1]

[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Rhode Island, Kingston Rhode Island, USA

In this paper we present a study of the time dependent analysis of a metal hydride bed (MHB) which provides constant flow to a fuel cell at required power loading and pressure. The hydrogen gas phase pressure, the hydrogen concentration in the metal hydride and the hydrogen desorption rate are consider as key variables in this study. Both the space scale and time scale analysis are performed. ...

Some Clinical and Computational Studies On Haemodynamics In Stenosed Artery

A. Chanda, A.R. Choudhury, G. Ray, K. Dasgupta, and D. Nag
Jadavpur University, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Atherosclerosis in arteries is caused by the formation of stenosis : fatty depositions, on the artery wall. In current medicine, the practice is to observe the maximum percentage occlusion at any arbitrary cross-section and diagnose the patient on that basis, which might not always present the real picture due to non-uniformity of the stenosis thickness. The present work attempts to simulate the ...

Modeling of Transport Phenomena during Hydrogen Uptake in an Alanate Storage System Equipped With Metallic Honeycomb Heat Exchanger

M. Bhouri[1], J. Goyette[1], B.J. Hardy[2], and D.L. Anton[2]
[1]Hydrogen Research Institute, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, Trois-Rivières, QC, Canada
[2]Savannah River National Laboratory, Aiken, SC, USA

In this paper, a metallic honeycomb structure is used as a heat exchanger in order to improve the hydrogen refuelling time for an alanate storage system. Using COMSOL software, the heat exchanger structure and the hydride bed are modeled as a two separate media and the governing equations describing the physics phenomena occurring during the loading process, are solved. The simulation results ...

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