Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Mie Scattering of Electromagnetic Waves

J. Crompton[1], S. Yushanov[1], K. Koppenhoefer[1]
[1]AltaSim Technologies, Columbus, OH, USA

The Mie solution to the scattering of electromagnetic waves by spherical particles has been examined using COMSOL Multiphysics®. The results assume elastic scattering only and do not include Brillouin or Raman scattering. The nature of the interaction has been considered for materials with three different properties: metallic, magnetic and dielectric. The solutions provide details of the ...

Simulation of Optical Properties of the Si/SiO2/Al Interface  at the Rear of Industrially Fabricated Si Solar Cells

Y. Yang[1], and P. Altermatt[1,2]
[1]Institute for Solar Energy Research Hamelin (ISFH), Emmerthal, Germany
[2]Dep. Solar Energy Research, Inst. Solid-State Physics, Leibniz University of Hanover, Germany

The specular and diffuse reflection properties of sunlight at the rear surface of silicon solar cells with various degrees of roughness are computed by solving the Maxwell and material equations in two dimensions, using the COMSOL RF Module. The model is tested on planar Si/SiO2/air interfaces and planar Si/SiO2/Al interfaces. The simulations show that for wavelengths of 800 nm, (i) maximum ...

Optical and Electrical Modeling of Three Dimensional Dye Sensitized Solar Cells

P. Guo[1]
[1]Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA

Dye sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) have received tremendous attention as alternative photon harvesting devices. While the sintered TiO2 nanoparticle network attached with dye molecules achieves efficient photon absorption, the electrons have to diffuse through the long TiO2 network to reach the contact, resulting in a high electron density and thus increased recombination. Extensive research ...

Numerical Study of Local Density of States in Photonic Crystal Waveguides

A. Javadi[1], P. Lodahl[1]
[1]Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark

In this contribution we study how a planar photonic crystal waveguide (PhCW), created by introducing a line defect in the photonic crystal, can modify the projected local density of states (LDOS) for a dipole emitter. We use the COMSOL Multiphysics® RF Module to carry out eigenvalue calculations studies on PhCW. When the dipole is in resonance with the waveguide mode, the enhancement Fp of ...

Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensors: Optimization of Diffraction Grating and Prism Couplers

W. Raja[1], A. Alabastri[1], S. Tuccio[1], R. Proietti Zaccaria[1]
[1]Department of Nanostructures, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Genova, Italy

Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensors proved themselves as a promising device for many kinds of applications such as optical biosensing, binding constant determinationor nanofilm thickness measurements. Here we simulate using COMSOL Multiphysics® the light-polaritons coupling for the two most commonly used SPR setups: Attenuated total reflection (Kretschmann configuration) and diffraction ...

Enhancement of Terahertz Emission by AuGe Nanopatterns

H. Surdi[1], A. Singh[1], S. S. Prabhu [1]
[1]Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha 
Road, Mumbai,India

Since the advent of Terhertz(THz) technology, improving the THz emission power has been one of the major research goal. One of the methods to increase the THz emission power is to increase the coupling of excitation laser light to the dielectric substrate.The field of nano-plasmonics exploits light-matter interactions at nanometer scale. With the help of metallic nano-structure at ...

Towards Modelling Semiconductor Heterojunctions

R. Millett[1], J. Wheeldon[2], T. Hall[1], and H. Schriemer [1,2]
[1] Centre for Research in Photonics, School of Information Technology and Engineering, University of Ottawa, Canada
[2] Centre for Research in Photonics, Dept. of Physics, University of Ottawa, Canada

A 2D multiphysics model has been developed to simulate heterojunctions separating abruptly doped semiconductor layers of different dopant concentrations. Numerical results are presented for the case of nN, pN and PpN heterojunctions, and a general procedure for simulating multiple heterojunctions is described.

Simulations of nanophotonic waveguides and devices using COMSOL Multiphysics

Z. Zheng
School of Electronic and Information Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing, China

Design and optimization of the nanophotonic devices are critical in realizing advanced photonic integrations in the future. COMSOL can be used for simulating various types of nanophotonic devices involving different materials and dimensions. This report talks about some recent work of Prof. Zheng’s team, including the simulation of dielectric photonic waveguides, optic fibers and surface ...

Surface Plasmon Resonance

J. Crompton[1], S. Yushanov[1], L.T. Gritter[1], K.C. Koppenhoefer[1]
[1]AltaSim Technologies, Columbus, OH, USA

The resonance conditions for surface plasmons are influenced by the type and amount of material on a surface. Full insight into surface plasmon resonance requires quantum mechanics considerations. However, it can be also described in terms of classical electromagnetic theory by considering electromagnetic wave reflection, transmission, and absorption for the multi-layer medium. The two commonly ...

Characterization of a 3D Photonic Crystal Structure Using Port and S-Parameter Analysis

M. Dong[1], M. Tomes[1], M. Eichenfield[2], M. Jarrahi[1], T. Carmon[1]
[1]University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
[2]Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM, USA

We present a 3D port sweep method in a lossy silicon photonic crystal resonator to demonstrate the capabilities of COMSOL Multiphysics® for frequency domain analysis with input and output ports. This method benefits from the advantages of the S-parameter analysis to characterize the input and output coupling into the resonator. By pumping one end of the cavity with a CW plane wave, we are able ...

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