Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

A Study of Curved Flexures for MEMS

Minhee Jun[1], and Jason V. Clark[1]
[1]Departments of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA

Large deflection actuators are becoming increasingly important for microsystems. Since actuation forces are usually small, large deflection actuators usually require flexures with low stiffness. Rectangular serpentine flexures are often used for such actuators due to their low stiffness and large linear deflection range. In this paper we investigate the performance of curved serpentine flexures ...

Droplet Generation by Means of a Two-Fluid Probe

B.P. Cahill[1], M. Quade[1], G. Gastrock[1], K. Lemke[1], J. Metze[1], and D. Beckmann[1]

[1]Institut für Bioprozess und Analysenmesstechnik e.V., Rosenhof, Heilbad Heiligenstadt, Germany

This paper presents a simulation of the operation of a new type of droplet generation probe. This probe, consisting of two concentrically-arranged tubings, is immersed in a beaker of cell medium so that oil is pumped through the outer tubing at a pumping speed less than fluid is drawn into the inner tubing. In this way, droplets of cell medium are entrained into the outlet tubing forming a ...

Simulation of Magnetic Beads in on-chip Structures

A. Weddemann, A. Hütten, S. Herth, and M. Schilling
Universität Bielefeld, Fakultät für Physik, Bielefeld

In this work, a system for magnetic and hydrodynamic manipulation of magnetic beads is modelled. A geometry is introduced to assure a good separation behaviour with respect to the magnetic moment of the particles. Different separation mechanisms will be discussed and an estimation of the minimal difference of separable magnetic moments will be given. Further it will be shown, that the ...

Design of an Electrodynamically Actuated Microvalve Using COMSOL Multiphysics® and MATLAB®

M. Williams, J. Zito, J. Agashe, A. Sopeju, and D. Arnold
University of Florida, Gainesville, USA

This paper describes the design of a normally closed, electrodynamic microvalve.  Magnetic forces between a permanent magnet in the valve cover and a soft magnet in the valve seat hold the valve closed.  The combination of electrodynamic actuation and a mechanical restoring spring are used to open the valve.  A device model and a design optimization strategy using COMSOL ...

Numerical Analysis of the Impact of Geometric Shape Patterns on the Performance of Miniaturized Chromatography Systems

R. Winz[1], E. von Lieres[2], and W. Wiechert[1]
[1]Department of Simulation, University of Siegen, Siegen, Germany
[2]Institute of Biotechnology, Research Centre Jülich, Siegen, Germany

We have implemented a two dimensional chromatography model for the analysis and optimization of structured micro pillar arrays. Dynamic surface interaction of solved molecules is taken into account by the kinetic Langmuir model. Variations of the pillar array geometry lead to deviations in the outlet concentration profiles. These deviations cannot be described by the one dimensional models that ...

Thermally Induced-Noise Reduction Using an Electrostatic Force Feedback

H. Lee, and J.V. Clark
Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA

In this paper we present a method to mitigate the effect of thermally-induced noise in Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS) through a force feedback circuit. Inherent noise-induced vibrations, which would be inconsiderable in macro scale, are considered as a limitation in micro- and nano- scale since it diminishes the high performance of MEMS devices. For instance, depending on the stiffness ...

Xylophone Bar Magnetometry and Inertial-grade MEMS Optimisation: a Multiphysics Approach

H. T. D. Grigg, and B. J. Gallacher
Microsystems Group
Newcastle University
Newcastle upon Tyne
Tyne and Wear, UK

This paper presents ongoing research aimed at development of a MEMS magnetometer capable of nanoTesla sensitivity. Such a device would pave the way for inertial-grade MEMS IMUs. A resonant sensor is proposed, based on a Xylophone Bar sense element, and is analysed both directly and via COMSOL. Mode shapes and frequencies are found as functions of geometric parameters, and the results used ...

Electromagnetic Release Process for Flexible Electronics

G. Coryell[1][,][2]
[1]School for Engineering of Matter, Transport, and Energy, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA
[2]Chemistry Department, United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD, USA

Flexible electronics are temporarily affixed to a rigid carrier such as glass or silicon prior to device fabrication to facilitate robotic handling of the device, but also to allow optical lithography to stay within overlay design registration budget; without the rigid carrier, a freestanding flexible substrate such as polyimide would distort unacceptably during even minor temperature excursions ...

Design and Analysis of MEMS Micro Mirror using Electro Thermal Actuators

L. Sujatha[1], D. K. Balasubramanian[2], V. S. Selvakumar[1]
[1]Rajalakshmi Engineering College, Chennai, India
[2]University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida, United States

Micro Mirror is a versatile device which has been gaining popularity and also the importance of MEMS techniques to develop such devices. These mirrors find applications in fields such as optical switching, display and in medical fields for non-invasive imaging. A thermally actuated mirror moves in either vertical or horizontal directions for the given orientation. The ends of thermal actuators ...

High Frequency Resonators Using Exotic Nanomaterials

B. Panchapakesan[1], M. Loeian[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA

Human made mechanical resonators have been around for a thousand years. Early applications included musical instruments and chronographs operating in millihertz to kilohertz frequencies while more recent interest has turned ultra-high frequency resonators and oscillators suitable for wireless technologies, mass sensing and even biological applications. The trend has been towards small, stiff and ...

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